DIY Design 101 – 7 Elements of Interior Design

The best way to redesign your home is to start with a plan. Creating a plan helps you understand your space, determine a design style, and get an idea of the type of items you want to add to your home. Having a plan is vital to the result, but before you start creating a project, you first need to understand the essential factors contributing to creating a design; design elements and principles. This post will talk about the seven design elements and how you can apply them to your home.

What are the Elements of Design?

The elements of design are fundamental factors that contribute to your overall strategy. As standard guidelines, they help you create visuals, bring organization and clarity to space. The elements are needed to maintain a balance, and when you apply these elements (along with the principles of design), they create a very comfortable and pleasantly appealing atmosphere. There are seven elements; space, light, line, form, color, texture, and pattern. We are going to break down each aspect and share some ways that they can be applied

Element #1 – Space

Space is considered the area that your furniture or other items will dwell. It focuses on the length, width, height of the site, and the location of the things that go in it. Designing a space depends on the function (or purpose) of the area, the balance of negative (empty space) and positive (used space), and the inhabitant’s needs.

How can you apply this element to your home?

When you are designing a new space, creating a space plan is vital. By creating a space plan, you can analyze the space’s size, predetermine what each area needs before you start moving furniture or hanging art. You can create a space plan with paper and pencil or a software-based program. As you develop it, keep in mind the following things that affect space; pathways, furniture size, colors used, and the location of windows, entryways, electrical sockets.

Element #2 – Light

Light is the element that sets a tone or mood to space. Like the space element, you have to consider the space’s function when determining what light to use. By knowing the space’s purpose, you can then choose to use either natural or artificial light. Natural light (which is the light from windows or entryways) is often best; however, artificial light is a good option. You have to determine which type of light to use; Ambient, Task, or Accent lighting. Ambient lighting is great to use when you want to light up an entire space. Task lighting is great when you want to focus on one area, such as a desk. Accent lighting is a good option for enhancing a particular feature, such as art on a wall.

How can you apply this element to your home?

You can determine your lighting by reviewing your space place. Make sure to use as much natural light as possible because it can save you money on your utilities, plus it creates a more productive and calming atmosphere for the inhabitants.

Element #3 – Line

The line is the element that helps shapes the area and guides the eye. The line element can either be used on the walls or applied with furniture. Four types of lines can be used in a design, and each one conveys a different meaning once applied; horizontal, vertical, dynamic, and curved. Horizontal lines can make a room look larger overall. Vertical lines can add height to space. Dynamic lines such as zig zags can create energy or the appearance of movement in an area. Curved lines can create a balance. When working with lines, the goal is to use them to convey a particular feeling to the area.

How can you apply this element to your home?

Choose a focal point in the area. Is it a fireplace, piece of furniture, or a particular wall? Determine what type of lines you will use in your design.

Element #4 – Form

Form deals with shape. The form can be either the shape of the room or the objects within that room. There are four types of form; geometrical, natural, open, and closed. Geometrical forms are lines and spaces that create the outline of the area. An example of a geometrical form can be the shape of a bedroom. These are typically human-made. Natural forms are created by nature, such as the leaves on a plant or trees. Open forms are visible and closed forms are not visible such as an inside of an opaque vase. Once you determine the space, you can use the form to enhance it by adding plants, furniture, art, or even entertainment to the area. Just make sure that you maintain a balance between using negative and positive space.

How can you apply this element to your home?

When you are designing with form, make sure that you have a purpose in mind. Determining your design style, space plan, and budget can help prevent you from going overboard

Element #5 – Color

Color is the element that sets the tone and adds life to space. Based on the color used, this element can generate positive or negative energy to an area. Color also works hand in hand with light. Together they can establish a presence and stimulate memories or emotions. When working with color, you want to make sure that you understand what feelings can develop from the colors you use and how much you should use in a particular area. For example, dark colors can give a space more dimension and a serene feel, while bright colors can make a room feel larger and more upbeat.

How can you apply this element to your home?

The best thing you can do to implement this element is to use a color palette. A color palette selects 3 to 5 compatible colors you would like to use in your design plan. The chosen colors are separated into primary color, a secondary color, and accent color(s). Once you determine your colors, you can then start the process of applying them to your design. Remember to use as much natural light as possible with designing with color.

Element #6 – Texture

Texture is the surface of an item in the space. From your wall to the pillows on your couch, texture can create a contrasting visual or a sense of depth. There are two types of texture forms; actual and visual. Actual texture is a texture that you can touch, such as a beaded pillow. Visual texture is a texture seen by the eye, such as zigzags painted on a wall. The pattern and texture element can work hand and hand in interior design; if used correctly, texture can also create a focal point.

How can you apply this element to your home?

When adding texture, the goal is to create a visually interesting space. You can add texture by using various fabrics or adding houseplants to your space.

Element #7 – Pattern

The pattern element is the process of using a design repetitively. It can be used on wallpaper, furniture, décor, or fabrics. Using patterns can add balance to a space and establish the movement.

How can you apply this element to your home?

Using patterns can be easy, but it can also be overdone if not applied mindfully. When you are working with patterns, make sure that you stay within your color palette and a pattern style (if possible). Choose at least one thing to set the tone, such as a rug or piece of art.

In Conclusion

There you have it, the seven elements of design. When applied correctly and thoughtfully, the design elements can pull together a room and make it pleasing and comfortable. Now that we have covered the design elements, in our next post, we will talk about the principles of design.

Thank you for reading, and if you have not already, please go ahead and hit that subscribe button or signup below to keep up with our progress. Also, feel free to subscribe to our YouTube Channel as well. If you have any questions or comments, please let me know in the area below.

Have an awesome day, and stay supertastic!


Join the family and come along for the ride!

3 thoughts on “DIY Design 101 – 7 Elements of Interior Design

Leave a Reply